Though you may not have heard of him, 200 years ago the impoverished teenage poet Thomas Chatterton was all the rage. After killing himself in 1770 when he was only 17 years old, the long-dead Chatterton finally rose to fame in the 19th century, gracing the pens of Romantic heavy-hitters like Keats, Wordsworth, and Shelley. As their works illuminate, Chatterton was a precocious child, a lost genius, and a delicate soul undeserving of his harsh fate.
He was also a liar and a forger.
Who was this tragic poet, really? How do we reconcile his twin legacies? And why is it that a mere swindler dead for nearly three centuries still has a lot to tell us about ourselves?
Bristling in Bristol
Chatterton’s early years were something out of a Romance tale. His father, who was also a poet, died just before he was born. The young boy then spent most of his childhood in Bristol, England locked inside his room reading and writing, or else succumbing to frequent trance states punctuated by outbursts of tears. Artists, am I right?
One of Chatterton’s other pleasures was to roam around the church where his uncle worked, dreaming about the lives of the knights who decorated the altar tombs. Once, while wandering among these relics of the past, Chatterton found a series of old wooden chests and became fascinated by the medieval parchments inside them, many of which dated from the Wars of the Roses centuries before.
Taken altogether, Chatterton’s poetic temperament and erratic behaviors seem harmless enough—but he was about to take a disturbing turn.
Look Ma, I’m a Monk Now
Before he turned 12, Chatterton committed his first forgery. He showed a dialogue he wrote called “Elinore and Juga” to one of his school administrators, claiming it was the work of a 15th-century monk in order to lend it more importance. The text exposed the innate talent inside Chatterton, but also an inborn darkness. Soon enough, Chatterton had created a whole identity for the monk. Writing under the name “Thomas Rowley,” he began to write more romances and started to look for a wealthy patron.
This patron part was necessary, since Chatterton didn’t have his own funds, but wanted to continue on the Rowley job as long as it would last. It was, however, a tricky endeavor: he had to position himself merely as the transcriber of these texts, not their author. Nonetheless, a historian named William Barrett bought the story hook, line, and sinker, later publishing his History and Antiquities of Bristol almost exclusively from Chatterton’s super fake manuscripts.
But it wasn’t enough for the boy: Barrett didn’t pay well, and Chatterton skipped off to the very famous and very wealthy writer Horace Walpole instead. This was his first mistake. Walpole almost immediately suspected that the manuscripts the 16-year-old Chatterton promised were fakes, and sent the boy away, utterly disgusted.
It was the beginning of the end.
The End Is Near
In the coming months, Chatterton moved to London and tried to scrape money together by writing for various magazines. Unsurprisingly, he was a great mimic, and often wrote in the scathing political style of Junius, Tobias Smollett, or Alexander Pope, all 18th-century luminaries. He even tried reviving old Thomas Rowley again, though his “manuscript” was rejected. Unfortunately, as any freelance writer could tell you, these gigs didn’t pay nearly enough, and Chatterton found himself slowly slipping into poverty.
Just before his tragic, impoverished suicide, Chatterton’s life had one final, Romantic twist. Reportedly, he was walking down a street when he fell into an unmarked, open grave. As his companion helped him out, joking about his resurrection, Chatterton commented darkly, “My dear friend, I have been at war with the grave for some time now.” Three days later, he downed a bottle of arsenic, tore up his latest literary endeavors, and died. It was an abrupt end to a short life, and Chatterton and his works seemed destined to the ignominy of forgery forever.
But why was Chatterton so maligned; why was Walpole so disgusted? We know all art lies—so why do we care so much about its factual truth?
This is not an original question. Almost since we started making art, humans have struggled with what it actually means, and what possible use it could have. Should it only serve a moral purpose? Are its lies dangerous? How can it possibly encompass the real tragedies of life? A frequent rejoinder to these doubts is that art is an expression of individual feeling, and is thus worthwhile as a sensitive record of human experience, via the author.
Forgers like Chatterton, for all that their texts may be beautiful and riveting, throw that defense of art into a burning garbage fire. We think we’re getting a genius unfiltered, and then we find out that we’ve been conned. And the more the forged art affects us, the worse it is. How could something so fake feel so real? Suddenly, we begin to ask, what is art worth? Forgeries remind us of fiction’s lie, and they teach us to distrust it rather than accept it.
But individual expression is not art’s only worth. For one, there are other reasons to value art: for its own sake, as a historical record, and as a lesson in empathy, to name only a few—which may help explain why Chatterton had a second coming after all.
When Chatterton was rediscovered in the 19th century, they didn’t care a whit about his lies, and he went from disgraced charlatan to glorified poetic martyr. Suddenly, the world cared about his writing, not some imaginary monk’s—even if much of that interest was tied to his tragic end.
Original works about Chatterton also poured out of the era’s best minds, mulling over his talent and his brutally short life. To this day, Henry Wallis’ sentimental 1856 painting of the suicide is emblematic of Chatterton’s story: it depicts the young, delicate man sprawled across his bed as if in a dreamless sleep, the tatters of his poetry lying underneath him. A genius gone too soon.
But this fate came with its own flaws. Yes, this 19th-century reclamation distanced Chatterton from his infamy, revalued his poetry, and asserted his talent, honest or not. In fact, his once-shameful forgeries became part of his art, and Chatterton became more like a myth or legend than a real person. But in so doing, Romantic artists turned him into another bygone source from the days of yore to lend their own works prestige, just as Chatterton had done with the imaginary Thomas Rowley.
It’s perhaps a simplistic ending. Chatterton is paradoxically transformed into a authentic poet through the Romantic fictionalization of his life, thus avoiding many anxieties about the truth or worth of art or his fakes. But this isn’t necessarily a bad thing. I’ll ask again: why do we care so much about the truth of art? Well, when it comes down to it, we don’t. We want to believe its lies.
Pelosi Slipped Another Liberal Goody Into Her Bill – She Wants To Give Millions Through PPP To Planned Parenthood
Nancy Pelosi kept the House closed as her party developed a massive spending bill.
The $3 trillion package is supposed to battle the virus. But it includes a liberal wish list, including blue state bailouts and tax cuts for rich liberals.
And now, here is another little nugget Nance slipped into it…
From Live Action:
While the bill contains the Paycheck Protection Program, it removes safeguards preventing abortion facilities from applying to receive funds. The aid local and state governments receive from the federal government can be used to aid abortion facilities.
Wow. Pelosi’s “HEROES” bill will extend the Paycheck Protect Program, but it removes a rule that prevented Planned Parenthood from getting money.
Which means a chunk of this $3 trillion package could go to this group, and groups like it, that are despised by the conservative right.
Keep in mind, Planned Parenthood already gets a large amount of funding from the federal government.
Not to mention funding from state and local government AND private donations from liberals.
So, do they really need to take money from a program meant to save businesses struggling with lockdowns?
What does PP do that has any connection with COVID relief? Shouldn’t this money go to healthcare workers on the front lines?
The silver lining in all this is that this bill has little chance of passing in the Senate. And the White House has already promised to veto it if hell freezes over and it makes it to Trump’s desk.
But this bill is a perfect picture of Nancy’s—and the rest of the Democrats’—priorities.
While America battles to save the economy, she’s throwing money to Planned Parenthood.
SHARE if you stand against Nancy Pelosi’s far-left bill.
Source: Live Action
Omar Thought She Deleted The Tweet – Then “Texas Ted” Drops His Senate Hammer
She slipped up and tried to cover it up – so Cruz brought it crashing down on her.
Ilhan Omar is shaping up to be the worst decision Democrats have ever made.
She’s been making terrible arguments for the Democrats. But she recently said something she had to feverishly delete immediately.
But nothing disappears on the Internet. This is what she said:
Hmm… sounds like she’s saying Hispanic immigrants aren’t educated or qualified to meet merit-based standards. Because she is.
Wow. Omar thought she could trash the president. But she ended up insulting millions of people. And Ted put her in her place!
Her tweet revealed what Democrats really think about Hispanic immigrants. Why do Democrats think Hispanic people can’t meet very reasonable merit-based standards?
A merit-based system means that skilled, educated, and qualified people will be able to enter the country.
That’s a good thing for America and immigrants. Only Democrats seem to want to keep good, skilled people out of this country.
We need good people to come to America. And we need to get rid of our broken immigration system that hasn’t worked for decades.
Thank goodness for leaders like Ted Cruz, who will stand up to the Democrats and support real improvements to our country.
SHARE if you want to see Omar GONE!
Source: Fox News
After Democrats Hold Up Border Wall – Private Citizens Get The Job Done For Trump
Democrats said they had no chance – well, look at them now.
The Democrat Party has done everything possible to stop Trump’s new wall – but they never saw these guys coming.
Back in 2018 when the government was shut down to keep Trump from getting wall funds, a group called We Build The Wall said if the government wouldn’t protect our borders, its citizens would.
They raised $20 million to start building the wall with private funds. Then they went almost silent for months and people wondered whether they would ever do what they promised.
Today they just delivered in spades.
From the Washington Times:
A private group announced Monday that it has constructed a half-mile wall along a section of the U.S.-Mexico border in New Mexico, in what it said was a first in the border debate.
The section was also built faster and, organizers say, likely more cheaply than the government has been able to manage in recent years.
That’s amazing – a border wall funded by We the People.
Take that, Nancy and Chuck!
The American people believe a nation that cannot defend its borders will not be a nation for long. Open borders will lead to the destruction of our amazing nation.
That’s not what our brave men and women gave their lives for.
So we should be proud to see Americans step up and build the wall themselves. It’s our country, and we’re taking it back.
And we need to keep cheering on such acts of boldness and bravery. The border is not a safe place, and finishing the wall is a massive task.
Will you hear about this amazing accomplishment in the media? Of course not.
The only way everyone (especially liberals) will hear is if patriots get out the word.
SHARE to thank these citizens for getting the wall built!
Source: Washington Times